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Established by 2014-10-28

The Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning (IARRP) of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) was established in May 2003 after the reorganization of the Institute of Soils and Fertilizers (established in August 1957) and the Institute of Natural Resources and Regional Planning (established in February 1979). It is a national comprehensive research institution with a focus on agricultural resources utilization and regional development.

As a national agricultural resources and environmental science research center, the institute targets at serving national economic construction, promoting agricultural development, increasing farmer's income, undertaking the primary mission of national and international cooperative research projects, and personnel training. The institute caters to the whole country, studies and explores the theories and methods in the fields of agricultural resources and environmental research, agricultural development strategy, regional planning and structural adjustment, agricultural production and practical techniques, and fosters competent agriculturists.

By the end of 2010, IARRP has a total of 306 staff members, including 138 professors or associate professors. Among the researchers, 59% of them have doctor's degree and 92 of them are graduate tutors.

In line with the national strategic demands and discipline construction planning, the institute has activated 5 academic level teams in scientific and technological innovation in the fields of plant nutrition and fertilizer, agricultural remote sensing, regional agricultural development and ecological environment protection, modern soil science and agro-microbial resource and utilization. At present, 13 institutional level research departments have been established in the research fields of plant nutrition, fertilizer, agricultural remote sensing, soil science, agro-microbial resource, agricultural water resource, modern farming system, agricultural ecology and environment, grassland science, agricultural resources management, agricultural regional development, edible mushroom, agricultural information technology, etc.

Now the institute has a national engineering laboratory (National Engineering Laboratory for Improving Quality of Arable Land), 2 key laboratories of the Ministry of Agriculture (Key Laboratory of Crop Nutrition and Fertilization and Key Laboratory of Resources Remote Sensing and Digital Agriculture). It has established the National Center for Quality Supervision and Testing of Chemical Fertilizers (Beijing) and Center for Quality Supervision and Test for Microbial Fertilizers and Mushroom Spawn of the Ministry of Agriculture, and the Agricultural Culture Collection of China. It has established 9 experimental stations (bases). It is the Consultative Center for Agricultural Engineering (A-class) of National Development and Reform Commission and is the management institution of national agricultural resources database. It is the supporter of the National Agricultural Resources Information Center and the Research Center of Agricultural Utilization of Land Resource, and the Agricultural Application Department of National Remote Sensing Center, the Research Department of the Remote Sensing Application Center of the Ministry of Agriculture, and the Agricultural Intellectual Property Centre of CAAS. Chinese Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Society and China Society of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning are the affiliates of it. Some academic publications such as Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer Science, Soil and Fertilizer Sciences in China, China Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, China Agricultural Information and the Management of Agricultural Science and Technology are edited and published by the institute.

The institute has established a postdoctoral station in utilization of agricultural resources and it is the first-class discipline postdoctoral station of this field. It has the authority to teach the doctoral students majoring in 10 disciplines including biochemistry and molecule biology, biophysics, crop ecology, plant nutrition, soil science, agricultural water resources utilization, agricultural regional development, agricultural remote sensing, grassland resource utilization, agro-microbiology, and so on, and master students majoring in 14 disciplines including microbiology, biochemistry and molecule biology, biophysics, ecology, environmental sciences, crop cultivation and farming system, plant nutrition, soil science, agricultural water resources utilization, agricultural remote sensing, agricultural regional development, agricultural economy management, agricultural resources and environmental economics, and agricultural management and administration. The specialties cover 4 categories, i.e. agronomy, science, engineering and administration.

The institute has strong advantages in plant nutrition, soil science, fertilizer science, the preservation and utilization of agro-microbial resources, agricultural remote sensing applications, agricultural structural adjustment and regional development, environment, edible fungi, etc. It possesses agricultural soil fertility and quality monitoring base and agricultural comprehensive information data platform, including the spatial database of digital soil maps and the large-scale land utilization, climate, landform, rural economics and remote sensing image information database. It has made many outstanding scientific and technological achievements in soil improvement, fertilizer practice and staple food supply and demand.

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